Project Manager Competencies Skills
Project Manager Competencies Skills – In this series, we will discuss the role and responsibilities of a project manager. Focus on The success of a project manager depends on many aspects, including his skills and personal qualities. At the same time, the project manager must master the areas of management through a set of acquisition skills. What project management skills should a project manager have and how can they be acquired?
The list of project management skills can be long. The International Project Management Association (IPMA) has compiled the Individual Competency Base (ICB®), which defines the core competencies of project managers. Many businesses adhere to the ICB® guidelines, but they are also important for educators and instructors in project management courses. HR professionals can evaluate candidates against these standards.
Project Manager Competencies Skills
Generally, competence is defined as the ability to act effectively and efficiently. It includes abilities and qualifications According to the ICB®, personal competence consists of three components: knowledge, skills and abilities. Whereas knowledge is the combination of acquired information and experience represented by the understanding of various concepts, competence is the ability to perform actions based on acquired knowledge and experience. Finally, there is the ability, which is demonstrated by the successful implementation of the project. Competence is always assessed according to the given context in which it manifests itself.
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Another way to look at managerial competence is the so-called “Eye of Competence” developed by IPMA®. As shown in the figure below, depending on the nature of the skill, the eye of the skill is divided into three areas:
Each area is a set of skills based on their nature and approach. Behavioral competence is what the project manager demonstrates through personal behavior and interpersonal relationships. Some of the important ones are reliability, efficiency and focus on results. Negotiation and Dispute Resolution skills are also included. If you want to improve these skills, check out our Leadership and Negotiation for Project Success course.
Content competence is closely related to the project itself, its approach and implementation. They are always evaluated in the context of the specific project and the ability of the project manager to organize and bring the project to a successful conclusion. Time management, like personal management, is part of contextual competence.
Finally, technical competence is what leads to success at individual stages of the project. Project managers with technical skills deliver quality projects on time and on budget. A well-managed project demonstrates success even when changes need to be made. It is well-designed with clear goals and requirements and is implemented by a well-managed team.
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The Individual Competency Baseline (ICB®) has created a set of 28 competencies divided into three groups: practice, people and advanced skills. While many of these skills are self-explanatory and acceptable as part of a project manager’s portfolio of skills and abilities, the following are also important in modern project management:
Culture and values mean that the project manager can influence not only the culture of the enterprise, but also society as a whole. Culture in this context is a set of behaviors, and values are the concepts on which project managers base their behavior. Cultures and values must be aligned, especially when it comes to projects that span global society, religion and culture.
Culture and values skills include knowledge of ethics, theories about culture, and certain cultural norms and values. In terms of abilities and skills, the project manager should be aware of cultures and values at the international level and show respect and ability to work in different cultural environments, forcing the team to work together, bringing together different cultures and values to achieve the project goals. . .
A good project manager is a resourceful project manager. Knowing how to identify and find alternatives to solve problems is an important skill. In practice, this means the ability to think outside the box and use original and creative approaches to encourage both individuals and teams to be creative when faced with change, unexpected challenges, and pressure and uncertainty.
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When it comes to knowledge, this includes the ability to think strategically and conceptually, as well as the ability to conduct various marketing and business analyzes such as SWOT and PESTLE. Lateral, synergistic and systems thinking are also very important. Analytical skills are a key skill in achieving resource efficiency, as demonstrated by the choice of methods and techniques for communicating information. Among the key competencies is the ability to imagine the future state of the project, as well as demonstrate resilience in the face of failures and mistakes.
While a strict distinction between professional and personal life is desirable, it must be recognized that the individual and personality influence the work environment. Project managers manage projects and teams, but first and foremost, they should not forget about themselves. This ability is related to personality. While self-reflection refers to recognizing and understanding one’s behaviors and feelings and their impact on work performance, self-management often involves setting objective goals and working towards them.
Self-reflection and self-control skills include knowledge of stress management techniques, relaxation techniques, and effective theory. It is about managing your emotions and behavior, personal time and work schedule. Presentation of Tasks is a Key Skill Self-motivation is one of the most desirable skills to master First of all, the ability to self-regulate in difficult situations is useful to any project manager.
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A clear scope, good communication, technical skills, an appropriate organizational structure and appropriate management strategies often lead to success. On the other hand, overly optimistic estimates, incomplete scope of work, incomplete risk assessment and poor management lead to deterioration in the quality of the project.
Project managers are people who use their skills and experience to guide the project team through the project completion process. Therefore, project managers must have certain skills to effectively manage their project team members, baseline budget, risks, scope, schedule, and goals.
Technical skills are the skills and knowledge required for project activities. The project manager must have adequate technical skills and knowledge relevant to his industry. Technical skills and knowledge are used to make decisions and select the most efficient production method.
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Project managers use tools and assessments to develop project plans. Project plans include cost, schedule, and other important documents based on estimates.
All processes within a project start with planning Budget planning, strategic planning, resource planning, planning are the key processes Effective planning puts the organization in the right direction. The project manager must have good planning skills for the success of his projects.
No matter how small or complex your project is, effective planning is the key to any type of project. Project managers with superior planning skills are often more successful than their competitors. However, planning skills are difficult to acquire because you need both technical knowledge and experience.
Projects involve risks that can have a positive or negative impact on their objectives. For example, late delivery of materials can lead to an overall project delay. On the other hand, technological improvement can simplify the implementation process. Additional risks may arise during the course of the project, and some risks may disappear. Project managers are responsible for managing project risks using response strategies. Risk management is an important technical project management skill.
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Almost every project has